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When Products Become Autonomous—Recommendations for Adoption

Results of the Smart Products Report 2020 suggest that smart products already have a high adoption potential in Switzerland. At the same time, these novel products, which are getting increasingly independent encounter skepticism, distrust and fears due to their new product features. In order for smart products to reach their full potential and for consumers to benefit from their advantages, there is still some backlog in terms of product development, design and communication. By Jenny Zimmermann



Based on insights of the Smart Products Report 2020, best practices and current consumer research, the article derives and explains eight concrete recommendations for action to make Switzerland even “smarter”:

1. Emphasize control and intervention options.
One of the challenges for companies is to satisfy consumers’ need for control given the high degree of autonomy of smart products. A solution could, for example, be a physical switch with which customers can intervene in the activity. Furthermore, features implemented in the product design with the aim of giving control must be highlighted in the communication strategy.

2. Enable connection of smart products and a central control.
According to the results of the Smart Products Report 2020, Swiss consumers see the advantages of connected products—they want connectivity and also have concrete expectations of how different products should be connected. This depends, for example, on product type and category (e.g. smart products for the home, entertainment, etc.). Thus, products should be connected mainly within their own product category and in addition there should also be “central” products.

3. Promote trust and social integration of smart products.
Due to their specific characteristics, smart products are often personified by customers, which can have a positive effect on their perception if the impression of social attachment is created. Companies can actively promote this, for example by having customers give individual nicknames to their products.

4. Highlight potential cost savings.
The Smart Products Report 2020 reveals that consumers consider smart products to be too expensive. According to the report, there is therefore catch-up potential in terms of communicating cost-saving opportunities. For example, potential savings can be highlighted by reducing electricity and water consumption.

 5. Emphasize the time gained through using smart products.
 Customers can delegate tasks to smart products, which saves a lot of time. The Swiss population sees this as an important advantage (Smart Products Report 2020). Advertisers can take the gain in time, which is often a scarce resource for consumers, into account in their communication strategy.

6. Highlight the potential for self-optimization instead of threatening self-esteem.
Smart products are often perceived as a threat because consumers fear they could be replaced. In order to counteract such fears, it is advisable, for example, to emphasize that smart products can contribute to self-optimization and can support their users.

7. Address data collection as a sensitive issue.
 On the consumer side, there is a fundamental mistrust of data collection and the need to protect one’ s own privacy. Since a technical requirement of smart products is to collect data, this poses a challenge and should be explicitly addressed by companies.

8. Let consumers test smart products.
The Smart Products Report 2020 indicates that even testing smart products may tend to increase the willingness to buy smart products. Consumers can thus experience the advantages of the new products directly. Examples of this can be test settings in stores or the distribution of test products.




Jenny Zimmermann:
Prof. Dr. Emanuel de Bellis:
Melanie Clegg:
Prof. Dr. Reto Hofstetter:



Zimmermann, Jenny L., Melanie Clegg, Emanuel de Bellis, und Reto Hofstetter (2020), «Wenn sich Produkte selbstständig machen – Handlungsempfehlungen zur Adoption von smarten Produkten”, Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Marketing Forschungsreihe».


More about our research on Autonomous products

de Bellis, Emanuel, und Gita V. Johar, (2020). “Autonomous Shopping Systems: Identifying and Overcoming Barriers to Consumer Adoption.” Journal of Retailing.

Zimmermann, Jenny L., Melanie Clegg, Emanuel de Bellis, und Reto Hofstetter (2020),«Smart Products Report 2020».



Image source: Gfm